Actualización sobre la anatomía funcional de la vía motora en seres humanos

Translated title of the contribution: Update on the functional anatomy of the corticospinal tract in humans

María José Marín-Castro, Valeria Guerra-Espinosa, Juan Pedro Neira-Gómez, Julián Carvajal-Fernández, Juan Camilo Suárez-Escudero

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Introduction: the pyramidal Tract or Corticospinal Tract (CST) is a challenging topic to teach as to learn, both for students and for health professionals. Knowing their origin and conformation allows us to understand their role not only in the clinical manifestations of the different neurological syndromes, but also its role in the sensory-motor rehabilitation processes. Objective: to develop a narrative review of the functional anatomy of the motor pathway in humans. Development: since the first neurophysiological descriptions in the nineteenth century, the comprehension of the CST has evolved considerably. It is currently known to be the main efferent system responsible for the execution of voluntary movements that require precision, adjustment and skill, mainly in the distal regions of the upper limbs. It originates in the cerebral cortex, from where motor neurons project to synapse with the motor nuclei of the cranial nerves in the stem and with the lower motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord. Its lesions originate the upper motor neuron syndrome, whose clinical presentation depends on the anatomical point where the damage occurs. Conclusion: the actual technology have allowed us to broaden our knowledge of the CST, which has lead us to know more specifically its conformation and functioning, and its clinical importance both in the upper motor neuron syndrome and in neurorehabilitation.

    Translated title of the contributionUpdate on the functional anatomy of the corticospinal tract in humans
    Original languageSpanish
    Pages (from-to)38-50
    Number of pages13
    JournalArchivos de Neurociencias
    Volume25
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2020

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2020 Instituto Nacional de Neurologia y Neurocirurgia. All rights reserved.

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