Association between the dispositional optimism and depression in young people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Fabio Alexis Rincón Uribe, Silvia Botelho de Oliveira, Amauri Gouveia Junior, Janari da Silva Pedroso

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of publications that reported the association between dispositional optimism and depression during youth, analyzing if the strength of this relationship varied according to potential factors. Systematic searches were carried out in APA PsycNet, Virtual Health Library, Embase, Web of Science, PubMed Central, and Scopus to collect English, Portuguese, or Spanish studies from 2009 onwards. Two reviewers selected the eligible articles, assessed the quality of each study, and extracted the data. For the synthesis of the results, a meta-analytic approach was used. We identified 4077 publications in the initial searches and 22 in the supplementary searches, from which 31 studies remained for analysis once the eligibility criteria were applied. The results showed a statistically significant negative association between dispositional optimism and depression in the young population, age being a factor that modifies the effect measure between these variables. This meta-analysis provides a consistent and robust synthesis on the interaction effect between dispositional optimism and depression in the young population. Based on these findings, early clinical admissions may effectively improve optimistic tendencies in young people, which could help them prevent depressive symptoms or episodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalPsicologia: Reflexao e Critica
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Dispositional optimism
  • Youth

Types Minciencias

  • Artículos de investigación con calidad Q3

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