Caracterización de los servicios de promoción de la salud y prevención de la enfermedad en cuatro instituciones de salud del municipio de Medellín, 2015

Translated title of the contribution: Characterization of health promotion and disease prevention services in four health institutions in the municipality of Medellín, 2015

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This is a descriptive study that allowed for the characterization of the health promotion and disease prevention programs and activities in four high-complexity health institutions in Medellín. By means of a descriptive study of a series of cases, two semi-structured survey instruments were applied through which information was collected on: structure and functioning, approach, beneficiary communities, methodologies, and work teams. We found that all four institutions develop activities of this type, with a focus on tertiary prevention consistent with their level of complexity; they are essentially oriented to the patient and their families, and, sometimes, to the community; employees also benefit from occupational health; the activities are developed by professionals from different disciplines; their operation depends in general terms on scientific management; and no particular area was identified to manage the activities articulately. We considered important that the institutions manifest to be in favor of integral health care models where the promotion and prevention activities are coordinated with clinical care.

    Translated title of the contributionCharacterization of health promotion and disease prevention services in four health institutions in the municipality of Medellín, 2015
    Original languageSpanish
    Pages (from-to)60-77
    Number of pages18
    JournalRevista Gerencia y Politicas de Salud
    Volume16
    Issue number33
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    Amén de las actividades que desarrollan las instituciones participantes, la estrategia de Hospitales Promotores de la Salud propone otro tipo de acciones que es importante considerar, tales como: promover el acceso de la población a los servicios hospitalarios; fortalecer la capacidad de los cuidadores o personal del nivel primario para el manejo de los pacientes luego del alta; procurar que el hospital como centro tenga las puertas abiertas al desarrollo de otras actividades promotoras de la salud (culturales, depor-tivas, etc.); empoderar a la población en la gestión de la enfermedad crónica y en la adopción de estilos de vida saludables; y, en último término, ayudar a que la comunidad como un todo mejore sus condiciones generales y promueva así su desarrollo. Lo anterior contribuye también al logro de los objetivos relacionados con la responsabilidad social corporativa, elemento que se destaca en el modelo (25).

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