Community Participation and Empowerment in a Post-disaster Environment: Differences Tied to Age and Personal Networks of Social Support

Ailed Daniela Marenco-Escuderos, Ignacio Ramos-Vidal, Jorge Enrique Palacio-Sañudo, Laura Isabel Rambal-Rivaldo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalpeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, an attempt was made to identify the level of community social participation according to age, gender, and the structural characteristics of the personal support networks in a population displaced by floods in the Colombian Caribbean. The research was based on a non-experimental methodology with an associative-relational strategy. An intentional non-probabilistic sample of 151 people affected by the winter wave in the south of the Department of Atlántico (Colombia) was selected. In total, the study included 42 males (27.8%) and 109 females (72.2%) participants, with an average age of 37.48 (±14, ranging from 18 to 80) and average relocation time of 21.79 months (±8.22, ranging from 5 to 36). The Arizona Social Support Interview Schedule (ASSIS) and Community Empowerment instruments were responded to with an instrument adapted from the leadership competence factor. The results show lower rates of intermediation in the older population, and the relationship between social participation and gender shows equally cohesive social support networks in men and women. This evidence is discussed to promote psychosocial interventions aimed to increase community engagement and empowerment of people that have experienced non-voluntary mobility processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1802
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2020 Marenco-Escuderos, Ramos-Vidal, Palacio-Sañudo and Rambal-Rivaldo.

Keywords

  • age
  • disaster
  • flood
  • gender
  • personal network
  • social participation
  • social support

Types Minciencias

  • Artículos de investigación con calidad A1 / Q1

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