Comportamiento epidemiológico de la malaria en el Chocó, Pacífico colombiano

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiology of malaria infections in Choco, a province of Colombian Pacific coast

José M. Hernández Sarmiento, Marjorie Pérez Villa, Juan S. Zuluaga Giraldo, Gloria M. Ortiz Muñoz, Paula A. Pizarro Marín, Sebastián Vera Henao, Andrés F. Jiménez Cartagena

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Colombian Pacific is one of the regions with the highest risk of malaria transmission in the country. High rainfall, illegal mining, illicit crops and climatic changes make malaria endemic in the region. objective. To characterize the malaria cases that occurred in the department of Choco during 2016-2018. material and methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Reports of malaria cases from to the Department of Malaria Control program for the years 2016-2018 were obtained from a secondary source. Based on these data, the incidence of the disease was calculated and a sociodemographic analysis was performed. Most of the cases were detected in 2016 (56 000 cases); the year with the lowest number of cases was 2017 with approximately 14 493. The most prevalent species in the region was Plasmodium falciparum. The large number of cases occur in the urban area of Quibdó. Choco continues to be one of the regions of Colombia with the highest transmission of malaria. discussion. Climatic, social and economic factors make malaria endemic in this region. It is important to review the education and prevention strategies around this disease to propose community control strategies that include training in the identification-elimination of mosquito breeding sites and basic knowledge of disease.

    Translated title of the contributionEpidemiology of malaria infections in Choco, a province of Colombian Pacific coast
    Original languageSpanish
    Pages (from-to)55-59
    Number of pages5
    JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia
    Volume40
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Apr 2020

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2020 Comunicaciones Cientificas Mexicanas S.A. de C.V.. All rights reserved.

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