Effects of two-step high-energy ball milling process and hot isostatic pressing on the mechanical properties of PM magnesium

Jesus María Rios, Alex Humberto Restrepo, Alejandro Alberto Zuleta, Francisco Javier Bolívar, Juan Guillermo Castaño, Esteban Correa, Félix Echeverria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Commercial powders of magnesium were processed by high-energy ball milling (HEBM) using a two-stage composite process. The microstructural and morphological evolution of the powders was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). From the results obtained, it was determined that the energy transferred by means of the control of balls size and high milling speeds allowed the particles of Mg powder to deform and fracture, achieving grain refinement and particle size reduction in a relatively short time. Likewise, milling energy calculations were made to determine the effect of the milling parameters. Subsequently, milled powders were compacted and HIPed reaching a densification of 95%. Finally, mechanical tests showed that the developed process increased the hardness and compressive strength of Mg compared to the material obtained by casting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors received funding from the Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación—COLCIENCIAS (Project 111580862830, contract 183–2019), Universidad de Antioquia, Centro de Investigación para el Desarrollo y la Innovación (CIDI) of the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana (Rad:482C-05/19–35), and Universidad de Medellín.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.


  • Compression properties
  • Energy conversion
  • High-energy ball milling
  • Hot isostatic pressing
  • Magnesium powder


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