Evidencia serológica de exposición a algunos microorganismos zoonóticos en bovinos y humanos con exposición ocupacional a ganadería en Antioquia, Colombia

Translated title of the contribution: Serological evidence of exposure to some zoonotic microorganisms in cattle and humans with occupational exposure to livestock in Antioquia, Colombia

Marcela Patricia Eraso-Cadena, Licet Paola Molina-Guzmán, Ximena Cardona, Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias, Leonardo Alberto Ríos-Osorio, Lina Andrea Gutierrez-Builes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Bacteria belonging to Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia and Coxiella genera are considered emerging pathogens and livestock is one of the contexts where the transmission of these microorganisms can occur. The goal of this study was to determine serological evidence for the exposure to these bacteria in cattle and humans with occupational exposure to livestock in the subregions North and Magdalena Medio, Antioquia, Colombia, and to explore related factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 48 livestock farms distributed in six municipalities from both subregions: Belmira, Entrerríos and San Pedro de los Milagros (North), and Puerto Berrío, Puerto Nare and Puerto Triunfo (Magdalena Medio). Blood samples from 332 people and 384 bovines were evaluated by serology (IgM and IgG) screening for bacteria from the Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Rickettsia, and Coxiella genera. Seropositivity in humans from both regions was 42.4% (95%CI: 31.2-55.1) for Anaplasma, 74.2% (95%CI: 66.0-84.4) for Ehrlichia, 72.5% (95%CI: 62.1-82.0) for Rickettsia, and 60.7% (95%CI: 59.7-69.1) for Coxiella burnetii. In cattle, seropositivity was 31.6% (95%CI: 19.9-44.2), 66.8% (95%CI: 55.2-78.1), 64.6% (95%CI: 53.8-74.5), and 61.6% (95%CI: 51.9-69.2), respectively. History of biting by ticks, milking, vaccination, having dogs and hens in the residence, as well as the consumption of raw milk derivatives were some factors associated with the infection by the bacteria studied. The results suggest a previous and recent exposure to these zoonotic bacteria genera in people with occupational exposure to livestock, as well as in cattle in the two studied subregions.

    Translated title of the contributionSerological evidence of exposure to some zoonotic microorganisms in cattle and humans with occupational exposure to livestock in Antioquia, Colombia
    Original languageSpanish
    Article numbere00193617
    JournalCadernos de Saude Publica
    Volume34
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2018

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    We thank UMATAs (Unidades Municipales de Asistencia Técnica Agropecuaria) and the livestock associations COREGAN (Comité Regional de Ganaderos de Puerto Berrío), COOLETRIUNFO (Cooperativa Multiactiva Lechera de Puerto Triun-fo), and APAGRONAR (Asociación de Productores Agropecuarios de Puerto Nare) for the logistic support provided at sampling in the North and Magdalena Medio subregions. To COLCIENCIAS (grant number 121056934576-Contract 653-2013, CIDI UPB 211B-02/14-65) for the financial support.

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2018, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz. All rights reserved.

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