Financial access and interest rate spread: An international assessment

Claudio de Moraes, Juan Camilo Galvis-Ciro, Micheli Gargalhone

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    3 Scopus citations


    The present study evaluates the hypothesis that countries where banks expand financial access through branches and ATM networks have smaller interest rate spreads. To do so, the financial access index produced by the International Monetary Fund was used to capture financial access through bank branches and ATMs (automated teller machines). Through a data panel analysis of 68 countries during the period between 2006 and 2015, the results of this study indicate that the bank interest rate spread is lower in countries with greater financial access. However, this effect is decreasing, indicating a limit to the effect on the spread.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number105958
    JournalJournal of Economics and Business
    StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2020 Elsevier Inc.


    • Financial access
    • Interest rate spread
    • Panel data


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