Fique fibers: Enhancement of the tensile strength of alkali treated fibers during tensile load application

Catalina Gómez Hoyos, Vera A. Alvarez, Piedad Gañán Rojo, Analia Vázquez

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalpeer-review

    30 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Fique fibers were treated using Na(OH) solution at 5 w/v%, slack and under 1 N of tension, at room temperature, for 4 and 24 h respectively. Changes in their structure and composition were monitored using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Additionally their mechanical properties were evaluated and analyzed. Results showed that tensile load application during alkali treatment improves their tensile strength and modulus. The most important change in mechanical properties was achieved in fibers treated for 24 h under tension. However, these fibers presented a high standard deviation; due to this treatment causing an important defibrillation. Moreover, fibers treated for 4 hours under tension, enhance their tensile strength around 56 %, while slack treated fibers improve only 38 %. When fibers were treated under tension, cellulose microfibrills were rearranged in the direction of tensile application and the spiral angle decreased, increasing the molecular orientation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)632-640
    Number of pages9
    JournalFibers and Polymers
    Volume13
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2012

    Keywords

    • Fique fibers
    • Mechanical properties
    • Mercerization
    • Spiral angle

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