Fundamental studies of Rhodococcus opacus as a biocollector of calcite and magnesite

Ana Elisa Casas Botero, Maurício Leonardo Torem, Luciana Maria Souza de Mesquita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalpeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rhodococcus opacus, a micro-organism was evaluated as a biocollector for flotation of calcite and magnesite. The electrophoretic behavior of the minerals, before and after R. opacus interaction, was evaluated and showed that the cells adhesion shifted both the minerals zeta-potential curves and the reversal charges in comparison to their original isoelectric points. Adhesion tests suggested a higher affinity of the bacteria for magnesite than calcite. The experiments of the adsorption rate of the R. opacus on calcite and magnesite showed fast kinetics, achieving a maximum of cell adsorption after 5 min. Adsorption isotherm curves for magnesite and calcite could be categorized as Langmurian (L) type II. The best bioflotability results for magnesite and calcite achieved, respectively, values around 93% for a R. opacus concentration of 100 ppm in the pH around 5.0 and 55% for a R. opacus concentration of 220 ppm in the pH around 7.0. The bioflotation experiments were discussed considering the obtained adhesion tests. The fundamental flotation studies showed the paramount potential that R. opacus presents as a biocollector and its possible application in the mineral flotation industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1026-1032
Number of pages7
JournalMinerals Engineering
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support by CNPq, CAPES and FAPERJ.

Keywords

  • Bioflotation
  • Biosorption
  • Calcite
  • Flotation reagents
  • Magnesite
  • Rhodococcus opacus

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