Genotoxicity through exposure to particulate matter (PM10) at two sites in the Valle de Aburrá, Colombia

Verónica Estrada-Vélez, Lucelly López-López, Lina María Martínez-Sánchez, Camilo Andrés Agudelo-Vélez, María de Los Ángeles Rodriguez-Gázquez, María Victoria Toro-Gómez, Luz Yaneth Orozco-Jimenez, Mónica Zuluaga-Quintero, Johan Sebastián Lopera-Valle, Ana Paulina Pamplona-Sierra, Ana María Díaz-Zuluaga, Natalia Vargas-Grisales, Ana María Vargas-Gallego, Jennifer Rojas-Londoño, Felipe Hernández-Restrepo, Andrea Ocampo-Patiño, Sara Rojas-Jimenez, Isabel Cristina Ortiz-Trujillo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    To establish differences in the genotoxic effect of particulate matter (PM10) in exposed individuals at two sites in the Valle de Aburrá (VA). This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 2 groups of individuals exposed to 67.7 and 45 μg/m3 of PM10 for a minimum of 8 hours/day. The frequency of Chromosomal Abnormalities (CAs) and the mitotic index were evaluated based on blood samples. The data were processed using SPSS version 18.0 and significant differences were established between the groups at p<0.05. One hundred eighteen individuals were evaluated: 56.8% at site 1 and 43.2% at site 2. The study population had an average age of 53 years. Significant differences were found between the numbers of CAs (p = 0.003) detected at the sample sites. Site 1 displayed a higher number of CAs than site 2, likely because site 1 is located in an area of the VA that is more exposed to environmental contamination. Furthermore, this study showed that there is a relationship between the level of particulate matter and an increase in a biomarker for CAs, establishing a possible health risk in this population, especially for those who remain there for long periods of time.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)92-97
    Number of pages6
    JournalOnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2019

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    We gratefully acknowledge the financial the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana.

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2019 Verónica Estrada-Vélez, Lucelly López-López, Lina María Martínez-Sánchez, Camilo Andrés Agudelo-Vélez, María de los Ángeles Rodriguez-Gázquez, María Victoria Toro-Gómez, Luz Yaneth Orozco-Jimenez, Mónica Zuluaga-Quintero, Johan Sebastián Lopera-Valle, Ana Paulina Pamplona-Sierra, Ana María Díaz-Zuluaga, Natalia Vargas-Grisales, Ana María Vargas-Gallego, Jennifer Rojas-Londoño, Felipe Hernández-Restrepo andrea Ocampo-Patiño, Sara Rojas-Jimenez and Isabel Cristina Ortiz-Trujillo.

    Keywords

    • Air Pollutants
    • Chromosome Aberrations
    • DNA Damage
    • Genotoxicity
    • Mutagenesis

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