Influence of combined mechanical treatments on the morphology and structure of cellulose nanofibrils: Thermal and mechanical properties of the resulting films

J. Velásquez-Cock, P. Gañán, P. Posada, C. Castro, A. Serpa, C. Gómez H., J. L. Putaux, R. Zuluaga

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalpeer-review

    66 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The deconstruction of the hierarchical structure of cellulose results in the production of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs). CNFs are commonly obtained by grinding and high-pressure homogenization processes and both treatments can be simultaneously used. Nevertheless, the influence of a two-stage high pressure homogenization of previously ground CNFs on the nanofibril diameter and the physical, thermal and mechanical properties of the resulting films has not been reported. The present study aims at understanding the changes exerted in cellulose after grinding and subsequent passing through the first and second stage of a high-pressure homogenizer. The films prepared from the resulting CNFs were analyzed by electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, viscometry, thermal degradation and tensile tests. The data indicate that the initial grinding treatment prompted the most remarkable changes, resulting in enhanced mechanical properties of the films, while decreasing its thermal stability, intrinsic viscosity and crystallinity. Further fibrillation in a high-pressure homogenizer did not have a significant effect, except a decrease in thermal stability and intrinsic viscosity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    Number of pages10
    JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
    Volume85
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2016.

    Keywords

    • Cellulose nanofibrils
    • Grinder
    • High-pressure
    • Homogenization
    • Mechanical fibrillation
    • Mechanical treatment

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