Psychometric Properties of an Instrument to Assess the Fear of COVID-19 in a Sample in Argentina: a Mixed Approach

Orlando Scoppetta, Carlos Arturo Cassiani-Miranda, Yinneth Andrea Arismendy-López, Andrés Felipe Tirado-Otálvaro

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalpeer-review

    3 Scopus citations


    The FCV-19S was the first instrument designed to assess the severity of fear related to COVID-19 and has already been validated in many languages. The objective of this study was to evaluate the homogeneity and construct validity of the 5-item version of the FCV19S, using an online questionnaire in 599 people. The participants’ age ranged from 18 to 65 years. Age, gender, marital status, educational level, employment status, and socioeconomic status were analyzed. In the evaluation process we assessed interitem correlation, item rest-correlation, confirmatory factor analysis: Root Mean Square Error of Approximation, Comparative Fix Index, Tucker-Lewis Index; internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha, McDonald’s omega), and the Rasch model was assessed for learning more about the psychometric properties of the scale, which allows a detailed knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of a scale. The FCV-5S has adequate psychometric indicators from the perspective of the Classical Theory of Items. The major limitations were using a self-reported measure and having a convenience sample not necessarily representative of the general population of Argentina.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2618-2631
    Number of pages14
    JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Aug 2023

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


    • COVID-19
    • Confirmatory factor analysis
    • Fear of COVID-19
    • Psychometrics
    • Urban population
    • Validation studies

    Types Minciencias

    • Artículos de investigación con calidad A1 / Q1


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