Objective To review the scientific literature about the relationship between impairment on smooth pursuit eye movements and schizophrenia. Methods Narrative review that includes historical articles, reports about basic and clinical investigation, systematic reviews, and meta-analysis on the topic. Results Up to 80% of schizophrenic patients have impairment of smooth pursuit eye movements. Despite the diversity of test protocols, 65% of patients and controls are correctly classified by their overall performance during this pursuit. The smooth pursuit eye movements depend on the ability to anticipate the target's velocity and the visual feedback, as well as on learning and attention. The neuroanatomy implicated in smooth pursuit overlaps to some extent with certain frontal cortex zones associated with some clinical and neuropsychological characteristics of the schizophrenia, therefore some specific components of smooth pursuit anomalies could serve as biomarkers of the disease. Due to their sedative effect, antipsychotics have a deleterious effect on smooth pursuit eye movements, thus these movements cannot be used to evaluate the efficacy of the currently available treatments. Conclusion Standardized evaluation of smooth pursuit eye movements on schizophrenia will allow to use specific aspects of that pursuit as biomarkers for the study of its genetics, psychopathology, or neuropsychology.
|Translated title of the contribution||Movimientos de seguimiento ocular lento y esquizofrenia: Revisión de la literatura|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia|
|State||Published - 1 Sep 2014|
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© 2013 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L. Todos losderechos reservados.