Sociotropía y autonomía: ¿Evidencias para la hipótesis de especificidad de síntomas en depresión?

Translated title of the contribution: Sociotropy and autonomy: ¿Evidences for specificity symptoms hypothesis in depression?

Ronald Alberto Toro Tobar, Hugo Alejandro Arias López, Julián Camilo Sarmiento López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalpeer-review


The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between depressive symptoms and sociotropy-autonomy personality according to the cognitive vulnerability model and the symptom specificity hypothesis, in which differentially a person with sociotropic depression shows elevated symptoms of sadness, loneliness, withdrawal, anxiety and attempted suicide liabilities, an autonomic frequent cognitions of failure, worthlessness, anhedonia, self-criticism, withdrawal, low interest, hostility and active forms of suicide (Clark, Beck & Alford, 1999). The study was a descriptive, correlational and comparative with a sample of 399 participants, 38.9% men and 61.1% women, between 18 and 40 years (M = 23.77, SD = 5.33), who filled the Sociotropy Autonomy Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory II. Results showed low correlations between depression and cognitive vulnerability, with specific symptoms for sociotropy as irritable and depressive mood, change in appetite and body weight, inutility and guilty feelings, and cognitive symptoms. Agitation and psychomotor retardation correlated in both vulnerability measures. Also results showed significant differences in the cognitive vulnerability groups in Agitation and psychomotor retardation and inutility and guilty feelings. We conclude partially evidence for the stated hypothesis.

Translated title of the contributionSociotropy and autonomy: ¿Evidences for specificity symptoms hypothesis in depression?
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)35-52
Number of pages18
JournalPsicologia Clinica
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro. All rights reserved.


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