Virus hepatitis B: métodos moleculares, PCR, biosensores y pruebas rápidas, en su detección y diagnóstico

Marcos Restrepo Arango, Lina Maria Martinez Sanchez, Ingrid Johanna Escudero Hernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in an indexed scientific journalpeer-review

Abstract

Hepatitis B is now a disease with a high prevalence worldwide, thus calculating an average of 2 billion people with evidence of contagion. Therefore proper diagnosis and monitoring are continuing importance to the area of health. For 1965 it was described the first serological methods for the diagnosis and detection of this virus, remaining until now as the gold standard. However, there has been the need to introduce new methods that are not only able to diagnose serologically negative variants, but also more economical and reproducible in poor and inaccessible areas. For this molecular biology has played a vital role, has developed and studied various molecular methods, such as PCR, biosensors and rapid tests, leaving as a precedent that molecular biology should continue generating and studying this type of tests, so that a future avoidable the chronic complications of this disease thanks to an early, sensitive diagnosis and above all with a significant coverage.
Original languageSpanish (Colombia)
Pages (from-to)60-67
JournalComunidad y Salud
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Types Minciencias

  • Artículos de investigación con calidad D

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