A rational model for agroecology as a science

Luis Fernando Gómez-Echeverri, Leonardo Alberto Ríos-Osorio, María Luisa Eschenhagen-Durán

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    Agroecology was born as a competing theory to sciences derived from the Green Revolution like conventional agronomy or modernized animal husbandry. In recent years, several theoretical models or approaches have been developed in order to explain this science. However, any of them can explain its change or difference with its rival theories in a rational manner that allows assessment of its success. As a result, the aim of this study was to propose a rational model of scientific change based on main and auxiliary hypotheses. We found that seven basic principles have been formulated throughout theoretical books and papers as well as several auxiliary hypotheses that can be derived from them. These principles are as follows: (1) characteristic systemic principle of agroecology, (2) principle of biomimicry, (3) principle of biodiversity, (4) principle of specificity of agroecosystems, (5) principle of governance, (6) principle of socioecological resilience, and (7) principle of vulnerability. Also, three principles for food systems approach were retrieved. This model shows agroecology more like an organic theory that moves in different scales than a set of rival theories competing for success. However, a proper articulation and discussion of these basic principles is yet to be done.

    Idioma originalInglés
    Número de artículo2940251
    PublicaciónInternational Journal of Agronomy
    EstadoPublicada - 2020

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    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2020 Luis Fernando Gómez-Echeverri et al.

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    • Artículos de investigación con calidad A2 / Q2


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