Introduction: In orthopedics, one of the worst complications after a surgical procedure is venous thrombosis, being the main cause of morbidity and mortality and hospital readmission after a hip or knee arthroplasty. Objective: To synthesize and describe information on the use of thromboprophylaxis and the risk of thromboembolic complications in orthopedic surgery. Methods: A review of the literature was carried out in the databases Scielo, ScienceDirect, PubMed and Lilacs with the descriptors: thrombosis, orthopedics, prevention & control, in Spanish and English. We included 32 articles with a review focused on thromboprophylaxis in orthopedic surgery and adherence compliance. Results: The risk that a patient presents or develops perioperative thromboembolic complications is about 10 to 50 % according to the literature, which depends on the type of surgery and the individual risk factors. In the case of orthopedic surgeries, the use of this treatment avoids complications, reinterventions and a long hospital stay. Conclusions: A good adherence to the thromboprophylactic protocols is important, including the choice of the correct medication, the appropriate dose, the time required and the necessary controls to avoid any thrombotic event.
|Título traducido de la contribución||Adherence compliance to thromboprophylaxis orthopedics|
|Número de páginas||12|
|Publicación||Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologia|
|Estado||Publicada - 1 jul. 2018|
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- Prevention and control