Análisis de costo-utilidad del desfibrilador cardioversor implantable para el tratamiento de pacientes colombianos con insuficiencia cardíaca isquémica o no isquémica de clase II o III según la New York Heart Association

Sara Atehortúa, Juan Manuel Senior, Paula Castro, Mateo Ceballos, Clara Saldarriaga, Nelson Giraldo, Guillermo Mora

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo en revista científica indexadarevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: The use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator reduces the probability of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure. Objective: To determine the cost-utility relationship of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator compared to optimal pharmacological therapy for patients with ischemic or non-ischemic New York Heart Association class II or III (NYHA II-III) heart failure in Colombia. Materials and methods: We developed a Markov model including costs, effectiveness, and quality of life from the perspective of the Colombian health system. For the baseline case, we adopted a time horizon of 10 years and discount rates of 3% for costs and 3.5% for benefits. The transition probabilities were obtained from a systematic review of the literature. The outcome used was the quality-adjusted life years. We calculated the costs by consulting with the manufacturers of the device offered in the Colombian market and using national-level pricing manuals. We conducted probabilistic and deterministic sensitivity analyses. Results: In the base case, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator was USD$ 13,187 per quality-adjusted life year gained. For a willingness-to-pay equivalent to three times the gross domestic product per capita as a reference (USD$ 19,139 in 2017), the device would be a cost-effective strategy for the Colombian health system. However, the result may change according to the time horizon, the probability of death, and the price of the device. Conclusions: The use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for preventing sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure would be a cost-effective strategy for Colombia. The results should be examined considering the uncertainty.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo4235
Páginas (desde-hasta)502-512
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónBiomedica
Volumen39
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 sep. 2019
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2019 Instituto Nacional de Salud.

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