Purpose: We sought to evaluate the visual, refractive, and biomicroscopic findings pre- and posttreatment of observed anterior stromal necrosis (ASN) after long-term Intacs intracorneal ring segment (ICRS) implantation. Design: Consecutive interventional case series. Methods: All consecutive patients implanted with Intacs ICRS at a single center by 1 of the authors between October 2006 and October 2011 with a minimum follow-up time of 5 years were included. All Intacs were implanted using the Prolate system console and instrumentation from Addition Technology Inc (Chicago, Illinois, USA). The slit lamp, refractive, and visual findings and the management of those patients are described in detail. The primary outcome measures included the size of the epithelial defect overlying the Intacs body, the intended implantation depth measured by high-magnification slit lamp photography, and the management of the cases described in detail. The percentage of eyes with ASN out of those that reached the 5-year follow-up is reported. Results: One hundred twenty-seven eyes (84 patients) were implanted with 215 ICRSs during the study period, and 77.16% (98/127) eyes had a follow-up of ≥5 years, out of which 9 eyes (7 patients) had ASN corresponding to at least 9.18% (95% confidence interval 4.29%-16.72%). The mean ± standard deviation time between implantation and ASN diagnosis was 10.5 ± 1.3 years. Conclusion: After 5 years of implantation, INTACS-treated eyes could present with an ASN over the ICRS body. Longer-term follow-up of patients implanted with INTACS is important to monitor if this complication keeps occurring over time.
Nota bibliográficaPublisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.