Características clínicas, prevalencia y factores asociados al delirium en niños de 5 a 14 años de edad ingresados en cuidados intensivos

C. Ricardo Ramirez, M. L. Álvarez Gómez, C. A. Agudelo Vélez, S. Zuluaga Penagos, R. A. Consuegra Peña, K. Uribe Hernández, I. C. Mejía Gil, E. M. Cano Londoño, M. Elorza Parra, J. G. Franco Vásquez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

10 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, prevalence and factors associated with delirium in critical patients from 5 to 14 years of age. Design: An analytical, cross-sectional observational study was made. Delirium was assessed with the Pediatric-Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (pCAM-ICU) and motor classification was established with the Delirium Rating Scale Revised-98. Setting: A pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Patients: All those admitted over a one-year period were assessed during the first 24-72 h, or when possible in deeply sedated patients. Exclusion criteria: Patients in stupor or coma, with severe communication difficulty, subjected to deep sedation throughout admission, and those with denied consent. Results: Twenty-nine of the 156 assessed patients suffered delirium (18.6%) and 55.2% were hypoactive. The neurocognitive alterations evaluated by the pCAM-ICU were similar in the three motor groups. Intellectual disability (OR = 17.54; 95%CI: 3.23-95.19), mechanical ventilation (OR = 18.80; 95%CI: 4.29-82.28), liver failure (OR = 54.88; 95%CI: 4.27-705.33), neurological disease (OR = 4.41; 95%CI: 1.23-15.83), anticholinergic drug use (OR = 3.23; 95%CI: 1.02-10.26), different psychotropic agents (OR = 4.88; 95%CI: 1.42-16.73) and tachycardia (OR = 4.74; 95%CI: 1.21-18.51) were associated to delirium according to the logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: The frequency of delirium and hypoactivity was high. It is therefore necessary to routinely evaluate patients with standardized instruments. All patients presented with important neurocognitive alterations. Several factors related with the physiopathology of delirium were associated to the diagnosis; some of them are modifiable through the rationalization of medical care.

Título traducido de la contribuciónClinical characteristics, prevalence, and factors related to delirium in children of 5 to 14 years of age admitted to intensive care
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)147-155
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónMedicina Intensiva
Volumen43
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2019
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y SEMICYUC

Palabras clave

  • Artificial respiration
  • Cholinergic antagonists
  • Delirium
  • Intellectual disability
  • Liver failure
  • Nervous system diseases
  • Pediatric intensive care units
  • Psychotropic drugs
  • Tachycardia

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