Características sociodemográficas y trastornos mentales en niños y adolescentes de consulta externa psiquiátrica infantil de una clínica de Medellín

Carmenza Ricardo-Ramírez, Matilde Álvarez-Gómez, María De Los Ángeles Rodríguez-Gázquez

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

    1 Cita (Scopus)

    Resumen

    Introduction Mental disorders in the world affecting 15% to 30% in children and adolescents, altering its function and emotional, cognitive and social. Affect interpersonal relationships, school performance and increased substance use and the risk of suicide. Objective describe the social-demographic characteristics and mental disorders of children and adolescents of psychiatric consultation. Method Retrospective descriptive study that analyzed all the histories of children and adolescents of both sexes from 5 to 16 years who attended for the first time outpatient psychiatry university clinic of Medellin, from July 2010 to July 2012. Results We studied 197 patients, the average age was 11 ± 3.5 years, male sex was the most common 69%, 46.2% belonged to nuclear family. The most prevalent psychiatric disorders were 44.2% ADHD, depressive disorders 9.1% and 8.1% TOC. 61% had psychiatric comorbidity, the most frequent was oppositional defiant disorder with ADHD 35.6%. Conclusions The frequency of mental disorders and comorbidities found in this study were similar to those reported by other researchers.

    Título traducido de la contribuciónSociodemographic characteristics and mental disorders in children and adolescents psychiatric outpatient clinic children of Medellin
    Idioma originalEspañol
    Páginas (desde-hasta)115-120
    Número de páginas6
    PublicaciónRevista Colombiana de Psiquiatria
    Volumen44
    N.º2
    DOI
    EstadoPublicada - 1 abr. 2015

    Nota bibliográfica

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2014 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

    Palabras clave

    • Adolescent
    • Child
    • Diagnosis
    • Mental disorders

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