Caracterización clínica y etiológica de una muestra de niños y adultos con disfagia atendida en dos centros asistenciales en Medellín (Colombia). Estudio retrospectivo

Juan Camilo Suárez-Escudero, Daniela Alarcón-Bolívar, Sergio Andrés Correa-Hernández, María Daniela Bechara-Mestra, Michelle Larios-Gómez, Sara Toro-Correa, Juan José Gil-Serna, John Alejandro Isaza-Arias

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

    Resumen

    Introduction: Dysphagia is a frequent disorder throughout the life cycle, which has different etiolo-gies in relation to its clinical type in oropharyngeal or esophageal. Objective: Clinical and etiological characterization of a sample with dysphagia attended in two health care centers in the city of Medellín (Colombia), showing the etiology and clinical type of dysphagia according to age groups. Methods: Observational, descriptive, and retrospective study, through the review and analysis of and clinical records of patients with a diagnosis of dysphagia, treated between 2012 and 2018 in a university hospital and a speech therapy center in swallowing. Results: Sample of 527 patients. Distributed in those under 18 years 45.4% (239/527); 18 to 59: 20.1% (106/527) and over 60: 34.5% (182/527). Clinical type, etiology, and most frequent health condi-tion in the entire sample: oropharyngeal dyspha-gia, functional etiology, and neurological diseases. The most frequent conditions causing dysphagia in children under 18 years of age were childhood development disorders; group 18 to 59 years, cancer and, in those over 60 years of age, neurodegenera-tive processes. Conclusion: Oropharyngeal dysphagia due to functional etiology is common throughout the life cycle, and neurological diseases seem to largely ex-plain its pathophysiology. In older adults it is associated with neurodegenerative disorders, and in those under 60 years of age (including children) the etiology is diverse. Its causes and clinical characteristics must be considered for promotion, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation processes.

    Título traducido de la contribuciónClinical and etiological characterization of a sample of children and adults with dysphagia treated in two healthcare centers in Medellín/Colombia: a retrospective study
    Idioma originalEspañol
    Páginas (desde-hasta)249-257
    Número de páginas9
    PublicaciónIatreia
    Volumen35
    N.º3
    DOI
    EstadoPublicada - 3 jul. 2022

    Nota bibliográfica

    Publisher Copyright:
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    Palabras clave

    • Deglutition
    • Deglutition Disorders
    • Etiology
    • Neurologic Manifestations

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