Characterisation of virulence genes in methicillin susceptible and resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from a paediatric population in a university hospital of medellín, Colombia

Judy Natalia Jiménez, Ana María Ocampo, Johanna Marcela Vanegas, Erika Andrea Rodríguez, Carlos Guillermo Garcés, Luz Adriana Patiño, Sigifredo Ospina, Margarita María Correa

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo en revista científica indexadarevisión exhaustiva

56 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Virulence and antibiotic resistance are significant determinants of the types of infections caused by Staphylo-coccus aureus and paediatric groups remain among the most commonly affected populations. The goal of this study was to characterise virulence genes of methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains isolated from a paediatric population of a Colombian University Hospital during 2009. Sixty MSSA and MRSA isolates were obtained from paediatric patients between zero-14 years. We identified the genes encoding virulence factors, which included Panton-Valentine leucocidine (PVL), staphylococcal enterotoxins A-E, exfoliative toxins A and B and toxic shock syndrome toxin 1. Typing of the staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec (SCCmec) was performed in MRSA strains. The virulence genes were more diverse and frequent in MSSA than in MRSA isolates (83% vs. 73%). MRSA strains harboured SCCmec types IVc (60%), I (30%), IVa (7%) and V (3%). SCCmec type IVc isolates frequently carried the PVL encoding genes and harboured virulence determinants resembling susceptible strains while SCCmec type I isolates were often negative. PVL was not exclusive to skin and soft tissue infections. As previously suggested, these differences in the distribution of virulence factor genes may be due to the fitness cost associated with methicillin resistance.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)980-985
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volumen106
N.º8
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2011
Publicado de forma externa

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