Characterization of a Novel Starch Isolated from the Rhizome of Colombian Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Cultivars

Shaydier Argel-Pérez (Autor estudiante de pregrado), Piedad Gañán-Rojo, Diego Cuartas-Marulanda, Catalina Gómez-Hoyos, Jorge Andres Velasquez Cock, Lina Vélez-Acosta, Robin Zuluaga, Angélica Serpa-Guerra

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo en revista científica indexadarevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) plants are native to Southeast Asia and are part of the Zingiberaceae family. Global consumption and production of this plant are expanding. In countries such as Colombia, turmeric is a promising cultivar. Curcuminoids derived from its rhizomes are used in food, pharmaceuticals, and natural cosmetics. Curcuminoids constitute approximately 3 wt% of the rhizome. Many residues rich in cellulose and starch can thus be recovered. This study characterizes a novel starch isolated from Colombian turmeric cultivars. The morphological parameters of the starch were determined using microscopic techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Proximate analysis and infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) were used to analyze the chemical composition, while physical analyses included thermal characterization, swelling power testing, solubility, water retention capacity, and colorimetry evaluation. The new starch granules were ellipsoidal in shape and ranged in diameter from 19.91 to 38.09. A trace amount of remaining curcumin was identified through chemical and physical characterization. The swelling power was 3.52 ± 0.30, and its water retention capacity was 3.44 ± 0.30. Based on these findings, turmeric can be useful in both food and non-food applications. Because starch was extracted from other Zingiberaceae plants, this study also includes a brief review of the related literature.
Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo7
PublicaciónFoods
Volumen13
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ene. 2024

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