Compassion and Self-Compassion: Counterfactors of Burnout in Medical Students and Physicians

Juan P. Román-Calderón, Alicia Krikorian, Erika Ruiz, Ana M. Romero, Mariantonia Lemos

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

    1 Cita (Scopus)

    Resumen

    Objective: To examine the relationship between self-compassion, compassion for others and Burnout in medical students and physicians. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Medicine students and general physicians from two Colombian cities participated (n = 359). The Compassion Scales and the Maslach Inventory were administered. An Exploratory Structural Equation approach was used for validating new measures and testing for relationships between latent variables. Results: Most participants were students (85.9%), mean age was 22 years (SD = 7), 55.2% were female, 62,6% dedicated more than 48 weekly hours to study or practice, while physicians had worked a mean of 10.34 years (SD = 8.67). Self-compassion and Compassion for others action subscales were validated, but engagement subscales of were not. Participant´s compassion actions for others and self-compassion actions are negatively related to depersonalization and emotional exhaustion, respectively. Additionally, compassion dimensions were positively associated with professional accomplishment. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that compassion and self-compassion actions inversely relate to different components of Burnout and could constitute protective factors against the stress of healthcare. Compassion and self-compassion training programs for medical students and physicians might be an alternative to avoid Burnout, diminishing physicians’ depersonalization and emotional exhaustion while enhancing their professional accomplishment.

    Idioma originalInglés
    PublicaciónPsychological Reports
    DOI
    EstadoAceptada/en prensa - 2022

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    © The Author(s) 2022.

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