Objective: To evaluate the outcome of tracheotomized patients after reintubation. Method: Secondary analysis from a prospective, multicenter and observational study including 36 Intensive Care Units (ICUs) from 8 countries. Patients: A total of 180 patients under mechanical ventilation for more than 48. hours, extubated and reintubated within 48. hours. Interventions: None. Outcomes: ICU mortality, length of ICU stay, organ failure. Results: Fifty-two patients (29%) underwent tracheotomy after reintubation. The median time from reintubation to tracheotomy was 2.5 days (interquartile range (IQR) 1-8 days). The length of ICU stay was significantly longer in the tracheotomy group compared with the group without tracheotomy (median time 25 days, IQR 17-43 versus 16.5 days (IQR 11-25); p. <0.001). ICU mortality in the tracheotomy group was not significantly different (31% versus 27%; p 0.57). Conclusions: In our cohort of reintubated patients, tracheotomy is a common procedure in the ICU. Patients with tracheotomy had an outcome similar to those without tracheotomy.
- Mechanical ventilation