Efectividad del uso de la sucrosa en la prevención del dolor durante la punción venosa en neonatos

Isabel Giraldo Montoya, María de los Ángeles Rodríguez Gázquez, Luz Aída Mejía Cadavid, Alexandra Quirós Jaramillo

    Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo en revista científica indexadarevisión exhaustiva

    4 Citas (Scopus)

    Resumen

    Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of sucrose use in the prevention of pain during venipuncture in neonates. Method: Double blind randomized control trial. The population consisted of hospitalized neonates subjected to venipuncture. Sample size was calculated with a 95% confidence level, 80% power, minimum proportion of neonates with pain 40% in the study group and 70% in the control group. The minimum sample size was 49 newborns per group. Five minutes before venipuncture, the neonates received 1cc of oral solution of 12% sucrose (study group) or distilled water (control group). During the procedure the pain level was evaluated with NIPS (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale). A data base was created, and the information processed and analysed using the SPSS program. Results: A total of 111 neonates were analysed, (55 in study group and 56 in control group). Bivariate analysis showed a smaller NIPS score in the group that received sucrose. Linear regression model explained that the significant variables for pain during the procedure were: hours since birth and the absence of non-nutritious suction, not being related to the sucrose administration. Conclusion: Neonates that received the oral solution of sucrose before venipuncture had an average pain score lower than the placebo controlled group.

    Título traducido de la contribuciónThe use of sucrose for the prevention of pain during venipuncture in neonates
    Idioma originalEspañol
    Páginas (desde-hasta)267-274
    Número de páginas8
    PublicaciónEnfermeria Clinica
    Volumen19
    N.º5
    DOI
    EstadoPublicada - sep. 2009

    Palabras clave

    • Evaluation
    • NIPS
    • NIPS pain
    • Neonates
    • Scales

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