Encuesta entomológica de mosquitos en áreas urbanas y suburbanas del municipio de Nuqui, Pacífico colombiano

José Mauricio Hernández Sarmiento, Ana M. Gómez Gómez, Marjorie Pérez Villa, María I. Patiño Zuluaga, Cristhian C. Castrillón Cardona, Gloria M. Ortiz Muñoz, Manuela Escobar Vélez, Juan S. Zuluaga Giraldo

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

    Resumen

    introduction. Vector-borne diseases represent a health problem in Colombia and around the world. The objective of this study was to inspect the urban and suburban area of the municipality of Nuqui to identify breeding sites and mosquitoes. materials and methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional study. A sample of homes in the area is selected through systematic sampling. The houses are visited and with previous resident’s authorization, the interior and exterior of the house are checked for mosquito breeding containers and identifying those that contain larvae. Samples of larvae were taken from the positive containers, taken to the laboratory and once adults emerged, a morphological examination was made by an expert entomologist. Housing, container and Breteau indexes were calculated. results. In the urban area, 48 houses were visited, which correspond to 9% of the municipality, and in the rural area, in the village of Coqui, the 23 houses that exist in this territory were visited. Of the 71 houses inspected, 172 containers with collected water were found in 61 of them, of which 42 had the presence of larvae. The container index was 24.4%, the housing index was 43.6% and the Breteau index was 59.1%. Among the significant differences between the urban and rural areas, it was evident that in the urban area there are more hatcheries of artificial containers and more presence of larvae. conclusions. In the municipality of Nuqui there is a very high percentage of homes (98%) with artificial mosquito breeding sites. It is noteworthy that we did not find mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles in the selected sample. It is important to educate and motivate the community to carry out the identification-elimination-modification of these vector breeding sites; in addition to maintaining constant entomological surveillance to identify and reduce the risks of transmission of tropical diseases.

    Título traducido de la contribuciónEntomological survey of mosquitoes in urban and suburban areas of the municipality of Nuqui, Colombian Pacific
    Idioma originalEspañol
    Páginas (desde-hasta)59-66
    Número de páginas8
    PublicaciónEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia
    Volumen41
    N.º2
    EstadoPublicada - abr. 2021

    Nota bibliográfica

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021 Comunicaciones Cientificas Mexicanas S.A. de C.V.. All rights reserved.

    Palabras clave

    • Colombia
    • mosquitoes
    • vector breeding sites

    Huella

    Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Encuesta entomológica de mosquitos en áreas urbanas y suburbanas del municipio de Nuqui, Pacífico colombiano'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

    Citar esto