Epidemiología de la neutropenia febril en pacientes adultos con neoplasia hematológica, en un período de 26 meses en el Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Colombia

Camilo Madrid, Laura Díaz, Juan Combariza, Kenny Gálvez, Viviana Olaya, Isabel Ramírez, Jorge Donado

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a significant adverse effect post-chemotherapy due to its high morbidity and mortality. There are few studies in our country with these kind of patients. Objective: To describe the characteristics and mortality in patients with hematologic neoplasms who developed FN post-chemotherapy. Methodology: A descriptive case series in patients with hematologic neoplasms who developed FN post-chemotherapy in Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Results: 101 episodes of FN in 43 patients. The median age was 44 years. 63.5% of patients had no apparent clinical focus of infection at admission, 11.8% had soft tissue compromise and 8.9% urinary tract infection. Bacteremia was documented in 41.5% and catheter-associated bacteremia in 3.9%. The most common organisms were Escherichia coli 43.4%, Klebsiella pneumoniae 17.3% and Staphylococcus aureus 8.6%. Of those isolated in blood 84.7% were Gram negative rods and 15.2% were Gram positive bacteria. Piperacillin/tazobactam was the most common empirically prescribed antibiotic (81.1%). Mortality of FN episodes occurred in 8 (7.92%) patients, 5 (62.5%) attributable to infection and 3 (37.5%) due to progression of hematologic malignancy with a resolution of FN. Conclusions: In our case series of FN the microbiological characteristics differed significantly from developed countries, but a similar mortality rate per episode was observed.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEpidemiology of febrile neutropenia in adult patients with hematologic neoplasms in a period of 26 months in Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Colombia
Idioma originalEspañol
PublicaciónRevista Chilena de Infectologia
Volumen30
N.º2
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2013
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Bacteremia
  • Fever
  • Hematologic neoplasms
  • Neutropenia

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