Factores de riesgo asociados a infecciones vaginales y lesiones escamosas intraepiteliales en estudiantes universitarias de Medellín - Colombia

Juan Felipe Zapata Martínez, Anderson Pérez Muñoz, Andrés Felipe Tirado Otálvaro, Juan David González, Sandra Milena Velásquez Vergara

    Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

    Resumen

    Objective: To explore the risk factors associated with vaginal infections and squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix in university students in Medellín, Colombia. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study; a convenience sample of 176 students from the health care field were included. Data were obtained through an anonymous survey that included demographic, clinical, and academic variables, as well as those pertaining to sexual habits. Cervical cytology and direct gram stain of vaginal fluid were taken. The statistical association for vaginal infections and squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix was explored through the odds ratio and the 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). A p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) was found in 9.1% of participants; low-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions in 4.5%, and vaginal infections in 30.7%; bacterial vaginosis was the most common infection. Previous history of HPV has a statistical association with ASCUS OR = 36.69 95% CI (3.56-378.15) and vaginosis by Gardnerella OR = 10.57 Cl 95% (1.07-104.64), whereas urinary infections had a statistical association for candidiasis OR = 4.46 Cl 95% (1.21-16.5). Conclusions: Our findings can be used as descriptive information regarding the frequency of vaginal infections and squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix in university populations, to continue or improve programs for the promotion and prevention of sexual and reproductive health in young populations.

    Título traducido de la contribuciónRisk factors associated to vaginal infections and squamous intraepithelial lesions in university students in Medellín, Colombia
    Idioma originalEspañol
    Páginas (desde-hasta)86-96
    Número de páginas11
    PublicaciónEnfermeria Global
    Volumen17
    N.º2
    DOI
    EstadoPublicada - abr. 2018

    Nota bibliográfica

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2018. All Rights Reserved.

    Palabras clave

    • Candidiasis
    • Candidiasis Vulvovaginal
    • Gardnerella vaginalis
    • Gardnerella vaginalis
    • Human papillomavirus
    • Lesiones Intraepiteliales Escamosas de Cuello Uterino
    • Papillomavirus Humano
    • Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix
    • Trichomonas Vaginitis
    • Vaginitis por Trichomonas
    • Vulvovaginal

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