Factores de riesgo asociados a neumonía en pacientes con trauma craneoencefálico grave.

David Yepes, Francisco Molina, Gloria Ortiz, Ricardo Aguirre

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo en revista científica indexadarevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia in patients with head trauma occurs commonly; however, few data are available to evaluate the effects of the infection on the prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The incidence and microbiological findings were described, and the associated risk factors were established with the appearance of pneumonia in patients with severe brain trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted that included 39 patients with severe brain trauma and who required mechanical ventilation; initially, none had pneumonia. These patients were observed during a 24-month period in an attempt to discern the principal risk factors associated with the onset of pneumonia. RESULTS: Pneumonia occurred in 31 (80%) of the 39 patients, and 28 of these presented early pneumonia. The most frequent germ in patients with pneumonia was Staphylococcus aureus with a percentage of the 42.4%. In the multivariate analysis, the single statistically significant risk factor was the presence of hypotension and vasopressor support with a RR = 27.9 (95% CI = 1.0-749.9, p < 0.05). No significant differences in the days of mechanical ventilation or mortality in both groups. The major mortality-associated risk factor in patients with pneumonia was a low Glasgow score at admittance with an OR = 2.19 (95% CI 1.03 - 4.65), p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of pneumonia in patients with severe brain trauma is high; however, its appearance does not affect the prognosis. The single significant risk factor was the presence of hypotension and vasopressor support.

Título traducido de la contribuciónRisk factors associated with the presence of pneumonia in patients with brain injury
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)253-259
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónBiomedica
Volumen29
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun. 2009
Publicado de forma externa

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Factores de riesgo asociados a neumonía en pacientes con trauma craneoencefálico grave.'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto