In situ formation of CuxO/ZnO photocatalysts for efficient simultaneous oxidation of As (III) and adsorption of As (V): Effect of Cu loading

José Manuel Barrera-Andrade, José A. Luna-Santiago, Elim Albiter, Elizabeth Rojas-García, Aura S. Merlano, Ángel Salazar, José Salmones, Miguel A. Valenzuela

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    Resumen

    The introduction of Cu ions onto ZnO leads to alterations in the electrical, optical, and magnetic characteristics of ZnO. These transformations, in turn, result in heightened photocatalytic activity and enhanced stability when employed in the degradation of both organic and inorganic pollutants. Here, a novel photocatalytic-adsorbent system is developed using zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures modified with Cu (II) ions in an aqueous solution containing 40 mg/L of As (III). The system utilizes UV-A light (365 nm) as the irradiation source, and the weight percentage of Cu (II) in the composite varies from 0 to 20%. The experimental results reveal significant adsorption of As (III), ranging from 20 to 50%, depending on the solution's Cu (II) content. Remarkably, the ZnO10%Cu composite exhibits the highest photocatalytic activity, achieving 40% adsorption and complete oxidation of As (III) within 25 min of irradiation. Characterization of the composite after the photocatalytic treatment reveals the effective adsorption of As (V) within its structure. Furthermore, no traces of Cu (II) ions are detected in the solution after the reaction, indicating their successful adsorption onto the ZnO surface as Cu (I) and Cu (II) ions. This research marks a significant advancement in harnessing innovative materials for efficient arsenic removal, offering promising insights into the development of novel photocatalytic-adsorbent systems.

    Idioma originalInglés
    Páginas (desde-hasta)3745-3753
    Número de páginas9
    PublicaciónEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
    Volumen31
    N.º3
    DOI
    EstadoPublicada - 1 ene. 2024

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    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

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