Is it possible to differentiate pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia and colonization in the immunocompromised patients with pneumonia?

Yudy A. Aguilar, Zulma Vanessa Rueda, María Angélica Maya, Cristian Vera, Jenniffer Rodiño, Carlos Muskus, Lázaro A. Vélez

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    Resumen

    Respiratory sample staining is a standard tool used to diagnose Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PjP). Although molecular tests are more sensitive, their interpretation can be difficult due to the potential of colonization. We aimed to validate a Pneumocystis jirovecii (Pj) real-time PCR (qPCR) assay in bronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and oropharyngeal washes (OW). We included 158 immunosuppressed patients with pneumonia, 35 lung cancer patients who underwent BAL, and 20 healthy individuals. We used a SYBR green qPCR assay to look for a 103 bp fragment of the Pj mtLSU rRNA gene in BAL and OW. We calculated the qPCR cut-off as well as the analytical and diagnostic characteristics. The qPCR was positive in 67.8% of BAL samples from the immunocompro-mised patients. The established cut-off for discriminating between disease and colonization was Ct 24.53 for BAL samples. In the immunosuppressed group, qPCR detected all 25 microscopy-positive PjP cases, plus three additional cases. Pj colonization in the immunocompromised group was 66.2%, while in the cancer group, colonization rates were 48%. qPCR was ineffective at diagnosing PjP in the OW samples. This new qPCR allowed for reliable diagnosis of PjP, and differentiation between PjP disease and colonization in BAL of immunocompromised patients with pneumonia.

    Idioma originalInglés
    Número de artículo1036
    PublicaciónJournal of Fungi
    Volumen7
    N.º12
    DOI
    EstadoPublicada - dic. 2021

    Nota bibliográfica

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    © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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    • Artículos de investigación con calidad A1 / Q1

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