Neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia: concept, pathophysiology, clinic, and therapeutics

Título traducido de la contribución: Disfagia orofaríngea neurogénica: concepto, fisiopatología clínica y terapéutica

Juan Camilo Suárez-Escudero, Karla Sofia Lema Porto, Daniela Palacio Patiño, Manuela Izquierdo Moreno, Claudia Liliana Bedoya Londoño

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo en revista científica indexadarevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

the act of swallowing goes beyond a mechanical phenomenon. It is a highly complex process, elaborated and modeled by various levels of the nervous system. Its alteration is a direct consequence or associated complication of several pathologies, where oropharyngeal dysphagia stands out due to functional etiology of neurological and neuromuscular origin. The objective is to update the knowledge about the fundamentals and concept of neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia, and to provide clinically useful information on its main causes. Neurological disorders are responsible for 70% to 80% of the etiology of oropharyngeal dysphagia. It is mainly caused by stroke, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and head trauma. Conclusions: Neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia results from lesions anywhere in the central circuits and structures between the cerebral cortex and the peripheral components of swallowing, and the physiological deficits are varied. The conceptual, pathophysiological, and clinical characteristics understanding of the main causes of neurogenic dysphagia help healthcare teams to carry out timely detection, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation actions.
Título traducido de la contribuciónDisfagia orofaríngea neurogénica: concepto, fisiopatología clínica y terapéutica
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)44-56
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónArchivos de Neurociencias
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 26 may. 2022

Palabras clave

  • deglución
  • patología clínica
  • sistema nervioso central
  • sistema nervioso periférico
  • trastornos de la deglución
  • neurología

Tipos de Productos Minciencias

  • Artículos de investigación con calidad Q4

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