On porosity of archeological bones I - Textural characterization of pathological Spanish medieval human bones

Pedro Bosch, Carlos Moreno-Castilla, Zulamita Zapata-Benabithe, Inmaculada Alemán, Victor Hugo Lara, Josefina Mansilla, Carmen Pijoan, Miguel Botella

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)


Bone texture may vary as a function of age, pathology as well as on bone treatments; thus absolute values of specific surface area or porosity are not often reported. A review of the anthropological and archeological references reveals that the results obtained with the current methodologies for the textural analysis of bone may be contradictory. Indeed, the characterization of archeological bone is a very difficult task through conventional techniques. Still, it is most relevant as porosity is the symptom of several pathologies, for instance anemia, osteoporosis, hyperostosis or syphilis.In this work, archeological bone samples - pathological or healthy - were characterized by nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms at -. 196. °C, small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The studied bones are healthy, osteoporotic, hyperostosic, and syphilitic. Porosity, specific surface area, and morphology as well as non conventional features such as roughness, specific surface or fractal dimension, are correlated with the well known macroscopical reported symptoms. The samples come from Moorish Andalucía (Grenade) and Medieval Catalonia (Poblet Monastery).

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)486-492
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
EstadoPublicada - 5 nov. 2014
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2014 Elsevier B.V.

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