Risk factors and survival of patients infected with carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a KPC endemic setting: A case-control and cohort study

Astrid V. Cienfuegos-Gallet, Ana M. Ocampo De Los Ríos, Patricia Sierra Viana, Faiver Ramirez Brinez, Carlos Restrepo Castro, Gustavo Roncancio Villamil, Helena Del Corral Londoño, J. Natalia Jiménez

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Background: Many gaps in the burden of resistant pathogens exist in endemic areas of low- and middle-income economies, especially those endemic for carbapenem resistance. The aim of this study is to evaluate risk factors for carbapenem-resistance, to estimate the association between carbapenem-resistance and all-cause 30-day mortality and to examine whether mortality is mediated by inappropriate therapy. Methods: A case-control and a cohort study were conducted in one tertiary-care hospital in Medellín, Colombia from 2014 to 2015. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of isolates was performed. In the case-control study, cases were defined as patients infected with carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) and controls as patients infected with carbapenem-susceptible K. pneumoniae (CSKP). A risk factor analysis was conducted using logistic regression models. In the cohort study, the exposed group was defined as patients infected with CRKP and the non-exposed group as patients infected with CSKP. A survival analysis using an accelerated failure time model with a lognormal distribution was performed to estimate the association between carbapenem resistance and all-cause 30-day-mortality and to examine whether mortality is mediated by inappropriate therapy. Results: A total of 338 patients were enrolled; 49 were infected with CRKP and 289 with CSKP. Among CRKP isolates CG258 (n = 29), ST25 (n = 5) and ST307 (n = 4) were detected. Of importance, every day of meropenem (OR 1.18, 95%CI 1.10-1.28) and cefepime (OR 1.22, 95%CI 1.03-1.49) use increase the risk of carbapenem resistance. Additional risk factors were previous use of ciprofloxacin (OR 2.37, 95%CI 1.00-5.35) and urinary catheter (OR 2.60, 95%CI 1.25-5.37). Furthermore, a significant lower survival time was estimated for patients infected with CRKP compared to CSKP (Relative Times 0.44, 95%CI 0.24-0.82). The strength of association was reduced when appropriate therapy was included in the model (RT = 0.81 95%CI 0.48-1.37). Conclusion: Short antibiotic courses had the potential to reduce the selection and transmission of CRKP. A high burden in mortality occurred in patients infected with CRKP in a KPC endemic setting and CRKP leads to increased mortality via inappropriate antibiotic treatment. Furthermore, dissemination of recognized hypervirulent clones could add to the list of challenges for antibiotic resistance control.
Idioma originalEspañol (Colombia)
PublicaciónBMC Infectious Diseases
EstadoPublicada - 7 oct. 2019
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Carbapenem resistance
  • Case-control study
  • Cohort study
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • innapropriate therapy
  • length of antibiotic use
  • mortality
  • risk factors

Tipos de Productos Minciencias

  • Artículos de investigación con calidad A1 / Q1

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