Social and environmental analysis contributions to floriculture in the hydrangea sector through a life cycle assessment approach

Mariluz Betancur Velez, Cindy Natalia Arenas, Nicolas Fernando Molina Saenz, Jose Adrian Rios Arango, Maria Alejandra Gonzalez Bedoya, Jaime León Botero Agudelo, Juliana Quintero, Juliana Miranda

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Resumen

In La Paz Province (Eastern Antioquia, Colombia), hydrangea floriculture has emerged as a significant driver of economic and social development following the post-conf lict situation, offering high value-added contributions to the territory. The objective was to identify both the social and environmental aspects of hydrangea cultivation by small and medium-sized growers, assessing the environmental impacts and externalities across the crop’s life cycle. This initiative aimed to foster sustainable growth in f loriculture production under eco-friendly conditions, safeguarding human health, and benefiting local stakeholders. To establish a methodological framework, the study adhered to the requirements and guidelines outlined in ISO 14040 and 14044 standards for environmental life cycle assessment, in addition to utilizing the UNEP Methodological Guide. The research revealed significant findings,
highlighting the key environmental impacts affecting hydrangea production throughout its life cycle. These impacts primarily stem from the excessive use of agrochemicals, which pose risks to human health and ecosystems due to alterations in soil properties. Moreover, the reliance on fossil resources (such as plastics and fuels) at various stages of the cultivation process contributes to these impacts. From a social perspective, the study identified stakeholders and critical aspects requiring improvement, including integration, safety, occupational health, proper agrochemical handling, regulatory compliance, and system replacement issues. These challenges underscore the complexity of
achieving sustainability, emphasizing the need for specialized technical support and new knowledge for growers. Implementing cost-effective technologies is crucial to mitigate environmental impacts, along with fostering associativity models among hydrangea crop producers, which significantly contribute to enhancing growing conditions.
Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo43
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-12
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónRevista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín
Volumen Vol 22
N.º43
Fecha en línea anticipada15 dic. 2023
EstadoPublicada - 15 dic. 2023

Palabras clave

  • Hydrangea cultivation
  • environmental Life Cycle analysis
  • Stakeholders
  • social analysis,

Tipos de Productos Minciencias

  • Artículos de investigación con calidad C

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