Cellulose microfibrils extracted by various alkaline treatments of vascular bundles from banana rachis were used to elaborate films. The films were comparatively studied to determine changes in polarity induced by various treatments. Atomic force microscopy was used to characterize the surface morphology of the films and transmission electron microscopy was employed to characterize the microfibrils used to elaborate the films. Contact angles were measured to determine surface free energy (SFE) and thermogravimetric analyses were carried out to determine changes in composition of the films. The results showed that the films of cellulose microfibrils prepared by the peroxide alkaline (PA) and peroxide alkaline- hydrochloric acid (PA-HCl) treatments had lower content of non-cellulosic constituents like xylose and had lower SFE than films of microfibrils treated with KOH-5. Furthermore, specimens treated with the most concentrated KOH solution (18 wt%) and sodium chloride presented the highest SFE and polar component.