The role of temperature profile during the pyrolysis of end-of-life-tyres in an industrially relevant conditions auger plant

Alberto Sanchís, Alberto Veses, Juan Daniel Martínez, José Manuel López, Tomás García, Ramón Murillo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Pyrolysis is a chemical recycling process of interest as a means to achieve a sustainable circular economy for end-of-life tyres (ELTs). In the pyrolysis process, ELTs are converted into tyre pyrolysis gas (TPG), tyre pyrolysis oil (TPO) and raw recovered carbon black (RRCB). This work investigates for the first time the effect of different temperature profiles by using a single-auger pyrolysis reactor in an industrially relevant scale (TRL-5). Since the development of this process at this representative scale is quite limited and the temperature profile has not been previously studied, the results achieved in this work can provide a useful database for the development of this process at industrial scale. For this purpose, two different sources of ELTs, commercial truck tyres (CTTs) and passenger car tyres (PCTs), were used. Accordingly, the experimental campaign was conducted using two different incremental temperature profiles (425-550-775 °C and 600-700-800 °C) based on those that can be replicated in an industrial-scale auger pyrolysis plant. For the sake of comparison, two isothermal heating conditions (500-500-500 °C and 600-600-600 °C) were also tested. The results confirmed the remarkable influence of temperature profile on both the distribution and properties of products. The 425-550-775 °C temperature profile was found to enhance limonene production, which is associated with the minimisation of secondary reactions in the first heating zone of the reactor. Additionally, there were very low carbonaceous deposits found in the RRCB because of the high severity of devolatilisation conditions in the third heating zone of the reactor. On the other hand, when the temperature profile was raised, the production of single-ring aromatics, particularly benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) significantly increased in the TPO at the expense of limonene. Thus, from this strategy, it is possible to tune the properties of the products depending on the requirements of the application in a single step, getting closer for circular economy in the ELT recycling domain.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo115323
PublicaciónJournal of Environmental Management
Volumen317
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 sept. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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