Waste-heat recovery (WHR) systems based on the organic Rankine cycle (ORC) improve the thermal efficiency of natural gas engines because they generate additional electric power without consuming more gas fuel. However, to obtain a cost-effective design, thermoeconomic criteria must be considered to facilitate installation, operation, and penetration into real industrial contexts. Therefore, a thermo-economic analyses of a simple ORC (SORC), ORC with recuperator (RORC) and a double-pressure ORC (DORC) integrated with a 2 MW Jenbacher JMS 612 GS-N. L is presented using toluene as the organic working fluid. In addition, the cost rate balances for each system are presented in detail, with the analysis of some thermoeconomics indicator such as the relative cost difference, the exergoeconomic factor, and the cost rates of exergy destruction and exergy loss. The results reported opportunities to improve the thermoeconomic performance in the condenser and turbine, because the exergoeconomic factor for the condenser and the turbine were in the RORC (0.41 and 0.90), and DORC (0.99 and 0.99) respectively, which implies for the RORC configuration that 59% and 10% of the increase of the total cost of the system is caused by the exergy destruction of these devices. Also, the pumps present the higher values of relative cost difference and exergoeconomic factor for B1 (rk = 8.5, fk = 80%), B2 (rk = 8, fk = 85%).
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