TREFACE: A New Computerized Test of Emotional Stroop with Facial Expressions

Corina Satler, Maria C. H. Tavares, Ana Garcia, Cândida Alves, Eliza Lacerda, Carlos Tomaz, Lía Margarita Martínez Garrido, Edward Leonel Prada Sarmiento

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo en revista científica indexadarevisión exhaustiva


Using the conflict principle of the Stroop task, “effect of interference in color naming”, the present study proposes to create a computational version of the emotional Stroop task, called TREFACE, for its acronyms in Portuguese “Teste de Reconhecimento de Expressões Faciais com Conflito Emocional” (Facial Expression Recognition Test with Emotional Conflict). In this protocol, four fixed styles of presentation were generated according to the condition: Congruent Word Reading, Incongruent Word Reading, Congruent Recognition of Face Expression and Incongruent Recognition of Face Expression, counterbalanced in terms of each facial expression, word and gender of the photo character. Forty-two healthy volunteers completed the task. Results revealed that a task associated with word reading allows better performance than a task associated with face recognition. It was also identified that in the congruent condition, there is an advantage in terms of the correct responses. Additionally, the data regarding recognition of face expression showed greater difficulty when the image was not congruent with the word. In general, the results suggest that the emotional attribute can compromise the ability to recognize the faces, reaching the functioning of mechanisms such as cognitive control and regulation of emotions. Thus, the TREFACE paradigm can be considered a good assessment tool for monitoring emotional conflict, in addition to presenting itself as a new instrument in Portuguese language for assessing emotional working memory in healthy individuals and, eventually, in different pathologies that affect the functioning of cortical areas related to executive functions.
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)342-358
Número de páginas17
PublicaciónJournal of Behavioral and Brain Science
EstadoPublicada - 2022

Palabras clave

  • Emotions
  • Memory
  • Facial Recognition
  • Conflict
  • Emotional Stroop

Tipos de Productos Minciencias

  • Artículos de investigación con calidad D


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