Vestibular Findings on the Video Head Impulse Test (vHIT) in Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional Study

Melissa Castillo-Bustamante (Autor estudiante de pregrado), Ireri Espinoza, Omarliv Briceño, Johanna M Vanegas, Maria del Mar Tamayo, Jorge Madrigal

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Functional and anatomic changes occur during pregnancy. Some of these changes are in the auditory and vestibular systems. However, there is a lack of information about the functional changes to critical structures that contribute to balance and proprioception. This study aims to evaluate the functions and shifts to the semicircular canals throughout gestation.

This is a cross-sectional study. A video head impulse test (vHIT) was performed on all healthy pregnant patients with gestational periods ranging from the 20th to 40th weeks who were admitted to a maternal-fetal care unit. Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gains in the lateral, posterior, and anterior semicircular canals and gains in asymmetry were obtained.

A significant positive relationship was observed in the right (R = 0.1064; P = 0.0110) and left (R = 0.2993; P = 0.0001) lateral semicircular canals as gestational weeks increased. Lower gains were seen at the start of the second trimester for the lateral canals. No significant gains were seen in the anterior or posterior canals throughout pregnancies until labor. No significant gains in asymmetry were detected.

Pregnant females may present vestibular changes in the semicircular lateral canals starting from the 20th week of gestation until labor. Increased gains may be associated with volumetric changes probably given by hormonal actions.
Idioma originalEspañol (Colombia)
EstadoPublicada - 27 jun. 2023

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